HealthHeart surgery: Everything You should know before going through

Heart surgery: Everything You should know before going through

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Some minor heart-related problems do not need serious surgeries. Sometimes they can be treated with the right medication, changes in lifestyles, or other nonsurgical methods.

Coronary angioplasty can be treated with minor surgery because, in this process, a small stent is inserted into the blocked or narrowed artery to hold it and open.

However, other than those situations, heart surgery is often required to treat the issues like plaque build-up that may block the coronary artery from getting proper blood flow, heart failure, problematic heart valves, abnormal rhythms of the heart, and many more.

So, to get proper treatment whenever required, you should go to the best heart hospital in Bangalore. Before going through the complex and stressful procedure of heart surgery, here are a few important things that you should know.

The types of heart surgery

There are different types of heart surgeries that expert doctors need to perform to give their patients a better life. Some of those are:

1.Heart valve replacement or repair

Cardiac surgeons need to replace or repair the valves of the human heart with a biological valve of a cow, pig, or the heart tissue of a human or an artificial valve. 

One option for the repair is inserting a catheter through the blood vessel and then guiding it to the heart. After that, a small balloon is inflated and deflated at the tip of that specific catheter, and thus, the narrow valve is widened.

2. Coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG

This is a very common type of heart surgery, where the surgeon takes a vein or artery that is healthy from the other place of the patient’s body and then connects it to offer help in the blood supply into the blocked coronary artery.

The grafted vein or artery can bypass the blocked part of the coronary artery and thus create a new route for the blood to flow and reach the heart muscles.

Sometimes this procedure can be done for more than one artery at the same time to restore the good health of the heart. This process is known as CABG, is often called coronary artery bypass surgery or heart bypass.

3. Inserting a pacemaker

The first option for treating arrhythmia is giving proper medications. Arrhythmia is a condition of the heart where the heart beats too slow or too fast or has an irregular rhythm. However, surgery is needed if the medicines cannot work properly.

In this surgery, the surgeon usually implants a pacemaker under the chest or abdomen’s skin, while some wires are connected to the chambers of the heart.

This special device can control the rhythm of the heart with electrical pulses, as it has a sensor that can detect that it is not normal.

What may be the risks?

Major heart surgery can have several risks. Thus, it is better to find the best heart hospital in Bangalore if you wish to avoid those risks. Some of those risks can be:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Damage in the heart tissues
  • Unexpected stroke or even death.

So, it is always better to look for reviews and reputation along with the infrastructure while looking for the best heart hospital in Bangalore.

Hence, as heart surgery is a very complex procedure and needs proper treatment and care, it is always important to select the best heart hospital in Bangalore for treating your loved ones.

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